Types of Sewer Utilities
In each and every area, water, and sewer utilities are a major requirement for all commercial, residential and industrial purposes. Water utilities majorly provide potable water to use in industrial, commercial and residential areas for cleaning, washing, drinking, cooking and supporting other needs that need water. Once potable water has been used, wastewater is generated which needs to be removed from all the premises by use of the sewer utilities into a commonplace. Pipes for facilitating service delivery in water and sewer utilities usually run together as they both serve the same region although some sewer utilities run underground. Sewer pipes should be placed below the water pipes to prevent contamination of the potable water in situations where there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Waste water which is known as sewage is usually transported in sewer utilities to a place where it is either treated or disposed. The sewage usually comprises all the wastewater from all residential, commercial and industrial premises in an area. Sewer utilities can also accommodate storm water mainly in urban areas where the land is cemented hence hard for the water to infiltrate. Sewage water and storm water can also be carried in two separate sewer utilities as they may be designed in an area. With the two systems, sewage and storm water can be managed differently as they have different wastes and can be put into different use when recycled. Waste water one treated in a treatment plant to remove all pollutants is releases into the environment where it can be used in many ways. For these services to be successful, the user needs to pay for them as they are paying for the water utilities since most are run by the same company in most regions. The money collected ensures that the sewer utilities are maintained at all times.
Septic tanks are also a type of sewer utilities that are commonly used in areas where the area is nor connected to the municipal sewer utilities. Concrete, plastic or fiberglass are some of the materials that make septic tanks used to collect wastewater. Septic tanks are very effective for use in residential areas that produce less wastewater as compared to industrial and commercial premises. Septic tanks have microorganisms that help in treating waste water disposed in them. Observing some key measures ensure that a septic tank functions properly. These measure ensure that microorganism are no damaged and also the septic tanks such as preventing release of excessive oils and harmful chemicals. Regulations require septic tanks to be placed beneath the ground surface and one should ensure that they do not leak nor release odors into the environment. Septic tanks are also required to be located at least 5 feet from the house in most areas.